Bombay, which has recently been renamed to its ancient Maharathi name of Mumbai, is the largest metropolis in India. This city of roughly 15 million people is India's most cosmopolitan centre. It is the main destination for incoming international flights to India. As well, it is the biggest port in India, and as of such, undergoes the most foreign trade in the country
Bombay fell into British possession in the mid 17th-century, where it was immediately given in a charter to the East India Trading Company. Under the hands of this company, and of later British administration, Bombay prospered from a sleepy little group of swampy islands, to the most economically vibrant city on the Indian subcontinent.
As well as being the financial and trade centre of India, Bombay is also an important cultural centre. Bombay houses India's film industry. This "Hollywood of India", as it is called, produces the second most number of motion pictures in the world every year, next only to Hollywood, U.S.A.. Bombay is also the centre of much of India's high-technology industries (making it the pefect Indian city to host ICPWC '97). It is also still an important industrial city, as exemplified by its housing of the phenomenally wealthy Tata Industries' headquarters.
As is true of every one of the world's major cities, the inhabitants of Bombay come in all types. Bombay is home to some of the wealthiest people in the country, who live in mansions that would rival anything in Beverly Hills. It is also home to hundreds of thousands of the very poorest people who live in the city's slums. While most of its inhabitants are Hindu, every major religion practiced in India has a community in Bombay including the Parsees, Buddhists, Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians. The whole of these people all live together, concentrated primarily on a single island, sepearated from the rest of India by the shallow Bay of Thana.
Bombay offers a plethora of delights for the visitor. Of course, no visit to Bombay is complete without catching a sight of the famous Gateway of India monument. There are many other interesting sights within the city such as the Prince of Wales Museum and the Hanging Gardens. In the outskirts of the city there are many groups of ancient caves which have been claimed and carved into temples by the various major Indian religions. Among these are the Karla caves, the Bhaja caves, and the Kanheri caves.
The most spectacular sight near Bombay is the magnificent Elephanta caves, dedicated to the Hindu Lord Siva. These caves are a must see and have been declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO organization of the U.N.. A two-day trip out from Bombay, near Aurangabad Airport, the famous Ajanta and Ellora caves are equally beautiful, and are also a World Heritage Site worth seeing. For a relaxing break from sight-seeing, one may wish to take a trip to the former Portuguese colony of Goa and its many fine beaches.
In all, there is much for a visitor to do in Bombay, India's most vibrant city. A visitor could easily spend as long visitng Bombay as one could spend visiting Paris, New York, or Tokyo. Whether you spend day visiting Bombay or a year, it is certain that your visit will be packed and memorable.
An easy-to-use comprehensive information site with information on the city itself and on events, sights and happenings in the city. Much like visiting a virtual tourist information office.
A very comprehensive information site with information on all aspects of the city, including tourist information.
A site detailing various attractions and places of interest in Bombay. This site is found on the State of Maharashtra Home Page.
A site with various bits of information on Bombay.
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